Cistanche is a parasitic plant that grows on the roots of desert trees and draws nutrients and water from its host. It is known as "desert ginseng" and has a high medicinal value, and is a traditional Chinese herbal medicine.
Cistanche deserticola Ma
Scope of application
Perennial parasitic herb with a fleshy, plump, flattened, single stem, broad proximally and tapering upward. Scale leaves yellowish white, spirally arranged, sessile, lower leaves closely arranged, broadly ovate or triangular-ovate, upper leaves sparsely, linear-lanceolate; calyx campanulate, 1-1.5 cm long, apically 5-lobed, lobes suborbicular, 2.5-4 mm long, 3-5 mm wide, ovary elliptic, ca. 1 cm long, base with nectaries, style slightly longer than stamens, glabrous, stigma subglobose; flowering May-June Fruiting season: June-August.
The climate of the suitable growing area is arid, with low rainfall, high evaporation, long sunshine hours and large temperature difference between day and night. The soil is mainly gray-brown desert soil and brown desert soil; it is born in the desert at an altitude of 225-1150m, and is parasitic on the roots of plants such as pokeweed and white pokeweed of the quinoa family.
Medicinal properties of Cistanche
Cistanches are sweet and warm in nature, and are effective in tonifying the kidneys and strengthening the yang, filling the essence and marrow, nourishing the blood and moistening the dryness, and prolonging the life. Cistanches are used for both medicinal and food purposes. Long-term consumption of Cistanches can increase physical strength, enhance endurance and resist fatigue, and at the same time enhance sexual performance and fertility in humans and animals.
Pharmacological studies of Cistanche cistanche
Cistanche can enhance humoral and cellular immune functions; for the central nervous system, it can increase the content of norepinephrine (NE) and 5-hydroxyindoleacetic acid (5-HIAA), and increase the ratio of dopamine (DA) to diphenylphenylacetic acid (D0PAC); it has the effect of delaying aging; it can significantly improve the propulsion of small intestine in mice, shorten the time of laxation, effectively counteract the inhibitory effect of atropine on defecation, and also has a significant inhibitory effect on water absorption in the large intestine. It also has a significant inhibitory effect on water absorption in the large intestine. It has hypotensive and anti-mutagenic effects. It has endocrine regulation, metabolism promotion and strengthening effects.
Extracts from the medical records of Cistanches
The herb is a key medicine for nourishing the kidney and replenishing the essence of blood. If the yin energy grows, the heat of the five viscera will subside and the cold and heat pain in the penis will heal. If the kidney and liver are sufficient, the essence and blood will become more abundant. In the case of obstruction in women, the disease is in the blood. If the blood is strong, the obstruction will go away. If the bladder is deficient, then the evil will come to it; if it is tonic, the evil will be dispersed and the back pain will stop. Long serving is fat and light body, benefit the kidneys and liver to replenish the essence of blood effect, if it is said to cure dysentery, is not slippery to guide the stagnation of the meaning, this also must not be said.
2, "Ben Jing": the main five strains of seven injuries, tonic, in addition to the stem in the cold and heat pain, nourishing the five organs, strong Yin, benefit essence, women's symptoms of obstruction.
3. "Treatise on Medicinal Properties": Beneficial to marrow, pleasing color, prolonging life, curing women's blood collapse, aphrodisiac, great tonic, main red and white down.
4、《The Materia Medica Symposium》：Cistanche, nourishing the vital gate, nourishing the kidney energy, and nourishing the essence and blood. This is a flat tonic, warm but not hot, tonic but not harsh, warm but not dry, slippery but not draining, so it has a subdued name.
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